Claudette was a short-lived high-latitude tropical storm that formed from a non- The season officially ran from November 1, 1979, to April 30, 1980. 1979: 18th - 21st February: Claudette: 190: 7.5: None: 1980: 15th - 27th January: Hyacinthe: 910: 35.8: It reached its lowest central pressure (985mb) on the 27th January and then quickly moved poleward after this date. The effects of Cyclone Claudette in 1979 and of falling world sugar prices in the early 1980s led the government to initiate a vigorous program of agricultural diversification and develop the processing of … Losses from the storm totaled $167 million (1980 USD, 676 million francs), and 25 people were killed. Hyacinthe became extratropical on January 29 after turning southward, dissipating two days later. 14 August 2015 . ... One well-known was cyclone Claudette (1979) that was tracked for more than 150km. 1979 : Cyclone Claudette with recorded gusts of 231 Kph causes 6 deaths, 3,700 are homeless. The third named storm of the 1979 Atlantic hurricane season, Claudette developed from a tropical wave located east of the Windward Islands on July 16. Hyacinthe looped to the south of eastern Madagascar and weakened, although it restrengthened after turning to the east. On the 16th, a surface circulation developed about 450 miles east of the Leeward Islands. Berenice existed from 15 December to 21 December. Cyclone Hollanda was the worst tropical cyclone in Mauritius in 19 years. Lixion A. Avila National Hurricane Center . Jacques Désiré Laval is beatified. After Cyclone Gervaise hit Mauritius, USS Camden (AOE-2) began relief operations on February 9. Cyclone Claudette devastated the island in 1979. Including the pre-cyclone and post-cyclone stages the storm lasted about 18 days from 9 December 1979. On January 19, Météo-France estimated that the storm had intensified to a tropical cyclone. The name Claudette has been used once in the Southwestern Indian Ocean : Cyclone Claudette (1979), caused severe damage to Mauritius and Réunion. Hyacinthe formed on January 15, 1980, to the northeast of Mauritius in the southern Indian Ocean. GOES–E VISIBLE SATELLITE IMAGE OF CLAUDETTE AT 1230 UTC 13 JULY 2015. The season officially ran from November 1, 1979, to April 30, 1980. The effects of Cyclone Claudette in 1979 and of falling world sugar prices in the early 1980s led the government to initiate a vigorous program of agricultural diversification and develop the processing of imported goods for the export market. On 26 August, TCWC Perth reported that a tropical low had developed on a shear line about 1300 km (810 mi) to the northwest of Cocos Island. On February 3, the cyclone passed between Mauritius and Rodrigues, producing wind gusts of 117 km/h (73 mph) and 119 km/h (74 mph) on the respective islands. Cyclone Calvinia threatens Mauritius - 6pm MUT Dec 29, ... Cyclone DINA à l'île de La Réunion ... Cyclone CLAUDETTE 1979 - Duration: 1:19. 1978 : The offices of Le Mauricien newspapers are set to fir by someone who pretends being the witness of another political assassination. 1979 – Cyclone Claudette devastates island. Viola-Claudette existed from 10 December to 28 December. ... than 23.  Neither the Mauritius or Reunion meteorological services monitored Tony as a tropical cyclone while it was active, while it was not included in the JTWC's analysis of the season.. Seasonal Outlook for Summer 2020-2021 | Tropical Weather Outlook Severe tropical cyclone Viola was notable for its small size and long lifetime. IMAGE COURTESY OF NAVAL RESEARCH LABORATORY. Lat/long Grid: Show Hide Date Labels: Show Hide Joint Typhoon Warning Centre Cyclone Data Name: VIOLA-CLAUDETTE 10 Dec 1979 00:00 UTC to 28 Dec 1979 06:00 UTC It was reported that the sugar cane crop on Mauritius was devastated and that buildings suffered considerable damage. following Cyclone Claudette in late 1979 the encounter rate dropped to 38% of the pre-cyclone figure. Initially it moved to the west-southwest, and while slowly intensifying it passed north of the French overseas department of Réunion. The cyclone then began to move westward under the influence of an easterly middle level flow north of the sub-tropical ridge. Effects on neighboring Réunion were limited to 79 km/h (49 mph) wind gusts and some rainfall.. The first export processing zone is created, causing the development of the textiles sector and creating nearly 64,000 jobs. Cyclone Claudette during the 1979/80 season was the next major cyclone, yet it was not as severe as Gervaise. TROPICAL CYCLONE REPORT. WMO under its Tropical Cyclone Committee of the South-West Indian Ocean had urged the installation of radars for cyclone surveillance. The effects of Cyclone Claudette in 1979 and of falling world sugar prices in the early 1980s led the government to initiate a vigorous program of agricultural diversification and develop the processing of imported goods for the export market.  For twelve days, Hyacinthe dropped torrential rainfall on Réunion; nearly all of the island received more than 1 m (3.3 ft) of precipitation. Satellite pictures showed that nearly all of the intense convective activity was within 200 km of the centre. After passing southeast of St. Brandon, Cyclone Claudette struck Mauritius on December 22, producing wind gusts of 221 km/h (137 mph). Mauritius approaches the IMF and the World Bank for assistance due to the country having a deficit of $111 million. Twenty five people died in the flooding as a result of Cyclone Hyacinthe. On March 13, the cyclone passed just east of Mauritius, producing wind gusts of 109 km/h (68 mph) and 65.7 mm (2.59 in) of rainfall. The effects of Cyclone Claudette in 1979 and of falling world sugar prices in the early 1980s led the government to initiate a vigorous program of agricultural diversification and develop the processing of imported goods for the export market. Please select the storm of your choice from the year 1979 below: Using the Dvorak intensity analysis technique Viola reached tropical cyclone intensity at about 0300 UTC 11 December 1979. Viola attained its maximum intensity late on 16 December 1979 when the central pressure was estimated to be near 930 hPa giving a maximum mean wind speed of about 205 km/h. 1985 – … Tropical Cyclone Hyacinthe set several worldwide tropical cyclone rainfall records in Réunion in the Southwestern Indian Ocean, including a peak total of 5678 mm (223.5 inches). Cyclone Chris-Damia (1982) - 28 Cyclone Kalunda (2003) - 28 Cyclone Bento (2004) - 28 Cyclone Giovanna (2012) - 28 Cyclone Angele (1978) - 27 Cyclone Daryl-Agnielle (1995) - 27 Cyclone Favio (2007) - 27 Cyclone Viola-Claudette (1979) - 26 Cyclone Dina (2002) - 26 Cyclone Edzani (2010) - 26 Cyclone Hellen (2014) - 26 Cyclone Bansi (2015) - 26 When the following major cyclone, Hollanda, arrived in 1994, most comparisons and statements to the ‘last cyclone’ measure 19 years back to Gervaise, and not Claudette: “After 19 years we have suddenly fallen victim to a catastrophe. It later passed just southeast of Reunion before turning to the south and weakening. The heaviest rainfall occurred through a process called orographic lift in the mountainous interior, leading to hundreds of landslides.  During the next day, Tony moved into the South West Indian Ocean and weakened gradually before it dissipated during 31 August. The combined effects, however, of Cyclone Claudette in late 1979, falling world sugar prices in the early 1980s, and political protest and social unrest generated by those who saw no economic future on the island led the government to initiate a vigorous and highly successful program of economic diversification. Over a 15‑day period from January 14 to January 28, 6,083 mm (239.5 in) of rainfall were recorded at Commerson's Crater, a volcano. Names are drawn in order from predetermined lists. This page was created at 20:57 on Thursday 24 December 2020 (UTC), © Copyright Commonwealth of Australia 2020, Bureau of Meteorology (ABN 92 637 533 532) | CRICOS Provider 02015K | Disclaimer | Privacy | Accessibility. Tropical Storm Claudette - July 16-31, 1979 The tropical wave that spawned Claudette was the strongest of the season in the mid-levels of the troposphere, with 85 knot winds being reported at the 550 hPa level at Dakar, Senegal on the morning of July 12. The Mauritius are in the path of tropical cyclones, whose official season runs from November 1 to May 15, although they are more frequent from late December to mid-April. The 1979–80 South-West Indian Ocean cyclone season was an above-average cyclone season. Mauritius became independent on March 12, 1968. Viola was renamed Claudette and passed close to Mauritius late on 22 December 1979 causing the loss of six lives and injuring 21 people. Tropical Storm Claudette was the third-wettest tropical cyclone on record in the contiguous United States.Claudette caused significant flooding in eastern Texas and western Louisiana in July 1979. In 1991 the , Kolia existed from 25 February to 13 March. Storms are named for historical reasons to avoid confusion when communicating with the public, as more than one storm can exist at a time. It formed on February 6, 1994, in the central Indian Ocean in the southern hemisphere. Tropical Storm Claudette (2015), a short-lived tropical storm that formed off the coast of North Carolina and dissipated over the open Atlantic. 1979 Tropical storm Claudette causes massive devastation on the islands of Mauritius and Reunion. The maximum gusts reached only 126km/hr. Mauritius. The name Claudette has been used once in the Southwestern Indian Ocean: Cyclone Claudette (1979), caused severe damage to Mauritius and Réunion This disambiguation page … The storm executed another loop to the southwest of Réunion, passing near the island for a second and later third time. Tropical Cyclones in 1979 To the left is an image of Hurricane Frederic, provided by the National Climatic Data Center. Sir Anerood Jugnauth became prime minister in 1982. Mauritius first experience in the use of weather goes back to 1977 one radar to Mauritius and three to Madagascar. It was reported that the sugar cane crop on Mauritius was devastated and that buildings suffered considerable damage. fave; like; share; The effects of Cyclone Claudette in 1979 and of falling world sugar prices in the early 1980s led the government to initiate a vigorous program of agricultural diversification and develop the processing of imported goods for the export market. Last cyclone to directly hit #Mauritius was Claudette 1979.” Meteorologist Philip Klotzbach yesterday tweeted: “Tropical Cyclone Berguitta … It maintained this intensity as it crossed into the Mauritius Region early on 18 December 1979. Some particularly intense cyclones that struck the islands were Claudette in December 1979, Daniella in December 1996, Hollanda in February 1994, and Dina in February 2002. Mauritius became independent on March 12, 1968. Mauritius became independent on March 12, 1968. 1975 : Cyclone Gervaise with recorded gusts of 280 Kph causes 10 deaths. , South-West Indian Ocean tropical cyclone seasons, "La saison cyclonique 1979-1980 a Madagascar", "Southern Hemisphere Tropical Cyclone Season 1979-1980", "Significant Data on Major Disasters Worldwide 1900-present", Tropical Cyclone Claudette, 10–28 December, "Avec GAMEDE et 27 ans après HYACINTHE, La Réunion bat ses propres records mondiaux de précipitations sur les durées de 3 à 9 jours", Tropical Depression Kolia, 25 February to 13 March, 1970–1979 South-West Indian Ocean cyclone seasons, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=1979–80_South-West_Indian_Ocean_cyclone_season&oldid=972220301, 1979–80 South-West Indian Ocean cyclone season, 1979–80 Southern Hemisphere tropical cyclone season, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Category 2 tropical cyclone (Australian scale), This page was last edited on 10 August 2020, at 21:46. Sweeping 60-0 victory of the PSM-MMM. The country formally broke ties with the British Crown in March 1992, becoming a republic within the Commonwealth.  During the next couple of days, the system moved towards the west-southwest before on 29 August it reached its peak intensity of 95 km/h (60 mph) and a peak pressure of 990 hPa (29.23 inHg) as it approached the edge of TCWC Perth's area of responsibility. , Laure existed from 8 March to 17 March. Hyacinthe caused heavy damage to crops and damaged or destroyed 2,000 houses. Country has deficit of $111 million. The 1979–80 South-West Indian Ocean cyclone season was an above-average cyclone season. Viola was renamed Claudette and passed close to Mauritius late on 22 December 1979 causing the loss of six lives and injuring 21 people. In September 2000, Anerood Jugnauth became … The active cloud cluster from which Viola developed formed about 600 km to the northwest of Cocos Island on 7 December 1979. For tropical cyclones, names are assigned when a system has one-, three- … A tropical depression had developed by 9 December 1979 and moved slowly to the southwest. The storm executed two loops near the Mascarene Islands, bringing the storm between Réunion and Mauritius twice. Mauritius approaches IMF and World Bank for assistance.  Over the next couple of days the depression gradually developed further before at 1800 UTC on 27 August, TCWC Perth estimated that it had become a tropical cyclone and named it Tony. Severe tropical cyclone Viola was notable for its small size and long lifetime. Jugnauth elected 1982 – Sir Anerood Jugnauth becomes prime minister. About 5,000 houses were destroyed or severely damaged. With the present population of parakeets at such a low level a bad cyclone hitting Mauritius in the next few years could kill all the remaining parakeets. The cyclone moved southwestward for much of its duration, striking Mauritius on February 10 at peak intensity with winds of 218 kmh. Major Tropical Cyclones in MauritiusYearDate-MonthNameClassificationNearest Distance from MauritiusHighest Gustskm/hLowest PressurehPa189229 Apr---216947 *19315 – 7 Mar-Intense Cyclone-180969194516-17 Jan-Intense CycloneOver Mauritius156953 *19451-2 TROPICAL STORM CLAUDETTE (AL032015) 13-14 July 2015 . Widespread floods washed out roads and isolated three villages. Mauritius secured a seat on the United Nations Security Council for the first time in 2000. Wind gusts reached 80 km/h (50 mph) on Mauritius. The country formally broke ties with the British Crown in March 1992, becoming a republic within the Commonwealth. It was part of a semi-continuous line of convection extending eastward across Indonesia. Other U.S. Navy ships also aided stricken island: USS Enterprise (CVAN-65), USS Long Beach (CGN-9), and USS Mars (AFS-1). Bureau Home > Tropical Cyclones > Past Tropical Cyclones > Severe Tropical Cyclone Viola. Wilf-Danitza existed from 23 December 1979, to 3 January 1980. Jacinthe existed from 1 February to 7 February. Albine existed from 25 November to 6 December. The storm caused 5 fatalities, 257 injuries, and US$175 million in damage on the island. The effects of Cyclone Claudette in 1979 and of falling world sugar prices in the early 1980s led the government to initiate a vigorous program of agricultural diversification and develop the processing of imported goods for the export market.